While shortcakes appeared in Europe in the 1500's, strawberry shortcake was created and eaten as early as 1847 in the United States. The original shortcake resembled a biscuit, and the strawberries were covered with icing. Gradually, it evolved to a sponge cake or angel food cake covered in whipped cream.
Sponge Cake Recipe http://www.bbc.co.uk/food/recipes/victoriasponge_13555
4 ounces butter
4 ounces sugar
1 teaspoon vanilla
4 ounces flour
1 tablespoon milk
raspberries or strawberries
Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Cream butter and sugar. Add eggs and vanilla, then beat for 3 minutes. Fold in flour, then add milk. Place in 3 greased and floured Wilton mini-fill pans. Bake for 19 minutes.
a. Place strawberries and whipped cream in the sponge cake to make a Strawberry Shortcake.
b. Place raspberries and blueberries and whipped cream on the sponge cake to make a flag design.